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Varicose Veins Removal Options

Vein issues affect around 50 to 55% of women and 40 to 45% of men. Varicose veins issues affect more than 50% of people above 50 years old. Symptoms include itchy/irritating rash, pain after prolonged sitting or standing, darkening of skin, heaviness or swelling, restless legs and throbbing or cramping.

Compression stockings

Since support pantyhose applies pressure evenly to the whole leg, it provides the least relief for varicose veins. Gradient or graduated stockings put pressure where it’s most effective. Prescription-strength compression gradient pantyhose apply the highest pressure on the veins followed by over-the-counter compression gradient pantyhose. A trained expert is required for fitting the prescription pantyhose. Both compression hoses are found at medical supply or drug stores.
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Sclerotherapy
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An irritant is usually injected into smaller veins to treat them by collapsing their walls. This vein treatment’s meant to restrict the flow of blood to the veins being treated. For smaller veins, the patient has to wear socks for around 3-6 days and 6 weeks in case of larger veins. There are usually a few side effects involved, namely brown stains on skin around the affected area, unintentional injection of artery, inflammation or irritation in some veins and allergic reactions to irritant.

Surface laser

This non-invasive vein removal procedure is best for veins that are under 3mm wide. Generally, two to five treatments each lasting around 15-20 minutes are required. Strong laser light beams penetrate the skin, gradually fading the veins until they’re gone. The heat produced by the laser can be severely painful and is not ideal for all skin tones and types. Some side effects can occur, including temporary discoloration of skin, scars and burns, as well as temporary swelling and redness. Normal activity may be resumed after this procedure.

Surgery

Surface veins may be treated by a surgical technique such as tying the vein off/ligation or stripping/removing the vein. Phlebectomy is a procedure that involves small incisions as well as the use of a special hook for vein removal. PIN stripping is a procedure that involves the sewing a device at the tip of the vein and then pulling it out. This procedure is carried out in outpatient theater rooms or facilities. Permanent scars, wound infection, nerve tissue damage, bruising, bleeding and blood clots in deep veins are some of the risks associated with the procedure.

Endovenous

This varicose veins treatment technique is performed by a doctor under local anesthesia and is better than surgery for most people who have deeper surface veins. The doctor puts a small catheter inside the vein and laser or radiofrequency energy heats a probe, which helps stem the blood flow. Patients can feel a bit of bruising after this procedure.