Every day, a large amount of possibly infectious and hazardous materials are generated in health care centres. Medical waste consists of treated and untreated materials, for instance, animal waste, microbiological waste, pathological waste, animal and human blood and fluids, medicines, medical tools, etc. These materials ought to be carefully controlled to avoid putting the environment, people, and animals at risk.
When medical waste is not handled with extra care, it can give hospital-acquired infections to the employees, patients, visitors, scavengers, and individuals who live nearby the health centre. Medical waste includes sharp objects which are used to operate on or inject persons with various illnesses. These objects hold bacteria and viruses until they are treated well and when an untreated object injures a person or waste scavenger they acquire the same infections as those which the objects were used to treat.
Another way bacteria and viruses are spread from waste material is when individuals come into contact with the waste materials and touch areas like counter tops, furniture, reading materials, etc. and other people. This contact leaves germs on those surfaces and when others come into contact with the same surfaces they collect the bacteria and keep spreading them far and wide. These germs lead to infections when a person fails to disinfect their hands before touching other things.
Another risk posed by improper management of waste materials is the repacking and reselling medical objects and medicine by crooked traders. Waste materials should not be recycled unless they are critically treated under carefully chosen mechanisms. Some people may lay their hands on various objects, give them a mere clean and repackage them or repack wasted medicine and send it back to the market. This is very dangerous because it can lead to infections from those objects and the use of inefficient medication which can adversely affect people’s and animals’ health or deliver no healing at all.
Thus, a health facility should handle its waste products efficiently to protect the health of the population. Medical waste management is regulated by the government authorities, and every health centre must carefully consider the comoany which they hire for the role. The most crucial factor they must consider is whether the medical waste management company they intend to hire is licensed. The company should meet all the standards put in place by the government.
The other important point of focus should be whether the company is accessible and their frequency of waste collection. Frequent garbage collection gets rid of the waste from the health centre’s premises and prevents conflict with the law. This largely minimizes the dangers posed on the health centre’s users and neighbors, making the centre safe and bearable.